Reopening the climate envelope reveals macroscale associations with climate in European birds

Beale et al. (1) reported that species–climate associations estimated with envelope models were no better than expected by chance for 68% of the European birds studied. Beale et al. estimated species–climate associations with 4 variables, including soil water availability and ignored ≈11% of the available bird species records for Europe, i.e., all probable and confirmed records with <10 breeding pairs and all possible breeding records.